The olive tree is cultivated in the temperate areas of the Northern and Southern hemisphere. Mainly due to the particular climatic demands, it is mostly met in the Mediterranean basin where we are.
Its presence in Greece dates back to the ancient times. Olive tree plantations are reported during the Minoan and Mycenaean era when the olive tree was considered a sacred tree and a symbol of peace. The presence of this centuries old tree honors our area for centuries now and denotes its extensive cultivation.
One of the most ancient olive tree plantations is located in the Monastery of Agioi Anargyroi in Ermionida, where, since the time of Ioustinianos, there have been constant occupancy and olive cultivation. Besides, in the same area, in Pikrodafni, there is the oldest olive tree.
The listing of the 40 approx. old olive mills since the beginnings of the past century and the fact that almost every house had its own olive mill proves not only that the conditions for the olive tree have always been ideal, but also the rich tradition of Ermionida in olive cultivation.